Independent and Dependent Clauses

 

Sorry, this is not the right clause

Sorry, this is not the right clause

Clauses

A clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb:

Examples:

  • a whole chain of animals is affected
  • when one species dies out completely

Independent Clauses

An independent clause expresses a complete thought and can stand on its own

Examples:

  • Biff and John are fun people
  • Joey tossed the ball

Dependent Clauses

A dependent clause does not offer a complete sentence and cannot stand alone.  It still has a subject and a verb.

It must begin with a subordinating conjunction (see below) or relative pronoun (also see below).

Example (All dependent clauses are in italics)

  • Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.”
    (Philo)
  • “Never forget me, because if I thought you would, I’d never leave.” (A. A. Milne)
  • “It is the sweet, simple things of life which are the real ones after all.” (Laura Ingalls Wilder)
  • If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?”
    (Albert Einstein)
  • “Never play cards with a man called Doc. Never eat at a place called Mom’s. Never sleep with a woman whose troubles are worse than your own.”
    (Nelson Algren
  • “We learn what we have said from those who listen to our speaking.”
    (Kenneth Patchen)
  • “I still need the camera because it is the only reason anyone is talking to me.”
    (Annie Leibovitz)
  • “It doesn’t matter who my father was; it matters who I remember he was.”
    (Anne Sexton)
  • When I was young, I used to admire intelligent people; as I grow older, I admire kind people.”
    (Abraham Joshua Heschel)

Relative Prounouns:

The relative pronouns are which, that, who, whom, whose. Who and whom refer only to people. Which refers to things, qualities, and ideas–never to people. That and whose refer to people, things, qualities, and ideas.

Subordinating Conjunctions:

Cause
as
because
in order that
since
so that

Concession and Comparison
although
as
as though
even though
just as
though
whereas
while

Condition
even if
if
in case
provided that
unless

Place
where
wherever

Time
after
as soon as
as long as
before
once
still
till
until
when
whenever
while

 

Safari Montage Videos

Videos from grade 7

 

 

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