An understanding of these fallacies will give you an advantage during the rebuttal phase of your debate.
Types of Fallacies
- Ad Hominem: Arguing against the person, not against the proposition.
- Appeal to Authority: A conclusion is drawn from testimony provided by someone who is well-known but not an expert or authority.
- Bandwagon: Threat of rejection by a group is substituted for an actual argument
- Burden of Proof: Assuming since one side could not prove its case, the other side must be true.
- False Dilemma: Presenting two choices and claiming that since one is false the other is true when both could be false.
- Guilt by Association: Rejecting an argument simply because it is pointed out that people he/she dislikes support the arguments
- Hasty Generalization: A conclusion is drawn from an insufficient sample size
- Red Herring: Presenting an irrelevant topic to divert attention from the original proposition
- Straw Man: Ignoring the actual argument and substituting a distorted or exaggerated version of the position
- Appeal to Tradition: Assuming something is true just because it is older or traditional
Here is a quizlet on them too.