Logical Fallacies In Debate

When people debate, they often use logical fallacies to support their point of view.  These are statements that sound like the make sense, but really they don’t when you look carefully at them.

An understanding of these fallacies will give you an advantage during the rebuttal phase of your debate.

Types of Fallacies

  1. Ad Hominem: Arguing against the person, not against the proposition.
  2. Appeal to Authority: A conclusion is drawn from testimony provided by someone who is well-known but not an expert or authority.
  3. Bandwagon: Threat of rejection by a group is substituted for an actual argument
  4. Burden of Proof: Assuming since one side could not prove its case, the other side must be true.
  5. False Dilemma: Presenting two choices and claiming that since one is false the other is true when both could be false.
  6. Guilt by Association: Rejecting an argument simply because it is pointed out that people he/she dislikes support the arguments
  7. Hasty Generalization: A conclusion is drawn from an insufficient sample size
  8. Red Herring: Presenting an irrelevant topic to divert attention from the original proposition
  9. Straw Man: Ignoring the actual argument and substituting a distorted or exaggerated version of the position
  10. Appeal to Tradition: Assuming something is true just because it is older or traditional

Lets Try It

Here is a quizlet on them too.

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