Concluding Paragraph

An effective concluding paragraph should provide closure for a paper, leaving the reader feeling satisfied that the thesis has been fully explained.

Probably the shortest paragraph of an essay, the conclusion should be brief and to the point. The conclusion should provide a restatement of the thesis, a summary of the author’s conclusions, and perhaps a solution to the problem.

Good conclusions might have a dramatic quality — rather like a grand finale. The conclusion should leave the reader with an overall sense of how the writer feels about the subject.

Some effective techniques for creating a conclusion are:

  • Restate the seriousness of a problem
  • Summarize your thesis or proposed solution
  • Recap the most important points of the paper
  • Bring a chronologically organized paper up to the present and suggest future directions
  • Call for awareness: If  writing about new issues, an ending with a call for awareness seems fitting.
  • Unanswered questions/Implications for further study: What issues can be resolved in this essay, and what questions remain about the issue?
  • Pose some questions to your reader, encouraging him to continue thinking about the thesis
  • Rationale: Why is this an important thing to study? (This is mainly for people doing comparison papers.)
  • Call for action/What you can do: Kind of like a call for awareness, but with specific directions for the audience on how they can get involved and combat this problem.

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